Robert Peralta, Ph.D.
Ph.D., University of Delaware
M.A., University of Delaware
B.A., University of New Mexico
I contribute to core theoretical concerns within the sociology of substance use by focusing on intersections of identity (race, ethnicity, and gender), substance use, and interpersonal violence. Substance use and interpersonal violence are behaviors inextricably linked to social interaction, steeped in symbolic meaning, and an integral component of U.S. society. I study alcohol-related violence because analysis into this relationship provides unique and important insights into marginalization processes and its consequences. Interdisciplinary research reveals gendered norms combined with marginalized status shape alcohol use and violent behaviors independently and in conjunction with one another. Specifically, my research on compensatory masculinity reveals how the pursuit of hegemonic masculinity appears to influence drinking behavior and violent behavior. I examine how alcohol-related violence becomes a resource by which to “do” or otherwise express masculinity. I have been awarded three faculty development grants from the University of Akron to study: 1) alcohol-related violence among a group of men convicted of domestic violence; 2) the impact of gender-ideology on college drinking and alcohol related violence; and lastly, the labels used by undergraduates to conceptualize 4 marginalized statuses (HIV infection, substance use, sexual minorities, and perpetrators and victims of violence. I use qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches in my research.
Dr. Robert L. Peralta is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Akron. He holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of New Mexico and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Delaware. His areas of interest and expertise include alcohol and other drug use, deviance, gender, social inequality, and interpersonal violence. Some of his publications appear at The Journal of Health and Social Behavior; The Journal of Drug Issues; Violence Against Women; Gender Issues; The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice; Deviant Behavior, Feminist Criminology, Substance Use and Misuse, and Violence And Victims. Qualitative inquiries on the process of labeling across four areas (HIV/AIDS, interpersonal violence, sexualities, and substance abuse) and the impact of gender (as opposed to sex) on substance use behavior and HIV risk are the focus of his current research. Prior to his arrival at Akron, Dr. Peralta was a National Research Science Award Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Wisconsin at Madison and subsequently a visiting professor in the Justice, Law and Society Department at American University in Washington D.C. Recently, Dr. Peralta was honored to be a Fellow in the National Hispanic Science Network (NHSN) R25 Early Career Mentoring Program.View Curriculum Vitae
2013 Robert L. Peralta and Lori A. Tuttle. “Male Perpetrators of Heterosexual-Partner-Violence: The Role of Threats to Masculinity.” Journal of Men’s Studies 21(3):255-276.
2011 Jennifer L. Steele, Robert L. Peralta, and Cheryl Elman. “The Co-Ingestion of Nonmedical Prescription Drugs and Alcohol: A Partial Test of Social Learning Theory.” Journal of Drug Issues 41/4: 561-586.
2011 Robert L. Peralta and Dani Jauk. “A Brief Feminist Review & Critique of the Sociology of Alcohol-Use and Substance-Abuse Treatment Approaches.” Sociology Compass 5/10: 882-897.
2011 Robert L. Peralta, Valerie J. Callanan, Jennifer L. Steele, and Lia Chervenak Wiley. “The Effects of Gender Identity and Heavy Episodic Drinking on Alcohol-Related Violence.” Gender Issues 28(3): 111-133 (Funded by The University of Akron, FRG 1667).
2010 Robert L. Peralta. “Raced and Gendered Reactions to the Deviance of Drinking: A Sociological Analysis of Race and Gender Disparities in Alcohol Use.” Contemporary Drug Problems 37/fall: 381-415.
2010 Robert L. Peralta, Jennifer L. Steele, Stacey Nofziger, and Michael Rickles. “The Impact of Gender on Binge Drinking Behavior among American College Students Attending a Midwestern University: An Analysis of Two Gender Measures.” Feminist Criminology 5(4): 355-379 (Funded by The University of Akron, FRG 1667).
2010 Robert L. Peralta, Lori Tuttle and Jennifer L. Steele. “At the Intersection of Interpersonal Violence, Masculinity, and Alcohol Use: The Experiences of Heterosexual Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence." Violence Against Women 16(4): 387-409 (funded by The University of Akron, FRG 1613). (Nominated by the VAW editorial board for the 2010 Best Article Award)
2010 Robert L. Peralta and Jennifer L. Steele. “Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among College Students at a U.S. Midwest University: A Partial Test of Social Learning Theory.” Substance Use and Misuse 45: 865-887.